Be sure to read my monthly articles in Smoke and Fire Magazine, The Great Lakes Pilot and The Mackinac Journal. I ‘m also a contributing writer for Michigan History for Kids Magazine. “Naturally Sweet,” my article about Michigan’s apple crop will appear in the November/December, 2016 issue.
“Stories, Songs and Dances of the Voyageur”
45-75 minutes or 75-90 minutes with “break-out” activities
“Folklore of the Immigrant”
I construct my programs for historical characters based on primary and secondary sources, extant texts and historical record. The characterizations are portrayed using the traditions of the culture or an interactive storytelling style. The stories and activities are meant to educate and to entertain. Teachers are sent optional activities before I arrive.
Teachers can receive free activities prior to booking a program. Here are some examples:
- Writing an ending to a folk tale. I will share the ending as part of a story I will tell at the presentation.
- Directions and music to a folk dance called “Joys of Quebec.”
- View a digital image of a “jaw harp” that was excavated at the Huron Mission in St. Ignace, Michigan, which was founded by Fr. Marquette. Students must make an educated guess as to what the artifact might be. I show them an actual jaw harp and play the instrument for them. Students will be informed how and why the jaw harp was a popular instrument.
Options for the 75-90 Minute “Break-Out” Activities
Examine life-sized animal tracks, furs and skulls. Students will match a picture of the animal to the track. Question: Beavers and river otters have adapted to a semi-aquatic life style. They are both mammals, but are they of the same “animal family (meaning “are they ‘cousins?’”). Let’s examine their skulls to find out.
Decode a pictograph using a manual which I provide. What is the difference between a pictograph and a petroglyph? Are there any in Michigan (yes…the Sanilac petroglyphs)
Find current day geographic locations on a reproduction of a vintage 1757 map of the Great Lakes, which is a primary source document. Example: How was “Chicago” spelled in 1757?
The students are given a “budget” of beaver pelts from which to trade. They select items from a list of trade goods that will benefit the voyageur brigade. This activity involves planning ahead, logic and integrated reasoning. How is one item connected in reasoning to another item.
Read and interpret the written directions to a simple French circle dance Joys of Quebec, which will be shared with the class set to music (boys and girls do not have to dance together as partners). This is a real favorite; great for kids that dance, or engage in large muscle activities…AND, I’ll send you a digital recording of the song so students can dance after I’ve gone.
Students play “The Stick and Ring Game,” a Native American game used to teach ice fishing or to pass the time. The students record the number of successful “spearings” and present their results to the class in fractional form. This is a great game for eye-hand coordination.
Examine actual and reproduced archaeological artifacts and present their “hypotheses” to the class as to what the artifact might be.
The children play a Native American game called “Finding Your Way Home.” Student partners take turns memorizing the order of a sequence of stones. This game taught Native children to “memorize the environment,” and is an activity that is meant to improve short-term memory. Students record their scores.
Write an ending to a Native or French story, which I provide after consultation with the teachers. The stories have been published in a variety of magazines for which I am a feature writer. I share the ending with the students.
Read a short Native American legend, and based on clues within the story, make a guess as to what creature might be. This activity addresses reading comprehension, prior knowledge and “Seeing the big picture” logic.
Match animal pictures to their Native American and French spellings and pronunciations based on descriptions of each animal. Where do we find these names or words today, if at all?
Students are given a manual of Native American hand-talking signs and learn to sign a sentence. Marquette used hand-talking as was mentioned in his journal, a primary source document. This activity engages the nonverbal right brain, short-term memory and gross/fine motor movement.
Students will use an archaic pump drill which was used to make fire. They will measure the temperature of the wooden tip before and after creating friction for one minute which will be timed by a sand hour-glass. Students will use an infrared thermometer supplied by me to record the measurements. How do you think the temperature of a cooking fire was measured before thermometers were invented? The answer will shock you!
In Native American life, or in a frontier setting, when a parent said or whispered “quiet!” or “come here!” the order meant “Now!” We use an exclamation point (!) when something said is important. Why do you think that was? Write down as many reasons why you think this order had to be followed. You might be surprised at the creative answers students will provide.
Community programs are designed for libraries, nature centers and museums. Various themes have been designed to accommodate special requests. These venues tend to be a 45-60 minute show. Here are some of the programs that have been offered in the past or will be offered in the future:
Festival programs are designed for reenactments. These type of events usually take place over a period of days, and are centered on a general theme. In the past, I have been asked to present “Stories, Songs and Dances of the Voyageur,”or to portray a specific historical character.